A Measurement of Reagan’s Conservatism

Image result for Ronald Reagan

The ideology of presidents often gets disputed and one of them, interestingly enough, is Ronald Reagan. Although conservatives recognize him as one of their own, liberals, although still disliking him, will point out that Reagan compromised on some points including on one of the subjects he is most known for: taxes. Some on the left even go as far as to say that Reagan would fail a GOP litmus test today given said compromises on taxes as well as his admittedly mixed record on gun control. I decided to apply the MC-Index (Mike’s Conservative Index) to votes in which President Reagan took a position, and I arrived at the following results:

97th Congress (1981-82), House – 87%

97th Congress (1981-82), Senate – 86%

98th Congress (1983-84), House – 83%

98th Congress (1983-84), Senate – 70%

99th Congress (1985-86), House – 100%

99th Congress (1985-86), Senate – 100%

100th Congress (1987-88), House – 100%

100th Congress (1987-88), Senate – 95%

Overall Score: 90%

Although his second term is very much what people would expect given his reputation (the only hole in his record is the INF Treaty, which only five senators voted against), what of his first term? Especially, what of his 1983-84 positions in the Senate?

I find that Ronald Reagan was a doctrinaire conservative but he had some dissents from the conservative position. The most jarring was a 1984 Senate vote in which he backed a $15 million three-year program for after school childcare, one that all but eight Senate Republicans opposed, and none of the eight were close to as conservative as Reagan. In his first term, despite his 1981 tax cuts, he supported some tax raises to reduce the fiscal impact of the 1981 cut in 1982 and 1983. He also supported a foreign aid bill and opposed some efforts by Senator Jesse Helms (R-N.C.) to get even more hardline on the Soviets in the name of diplomacy.

On the conservative side of things, Reagan supported three constitutional amendments as president: balanced budget, school prayer, and an overturn of Roe v. Wade. He also opposed the Equal Rights Amendment, signed into law a bill easing gun control, supported an increase in military spending, opposed several measures expanding civil rights laws, opposed laws increasing the power of organized labor, and backed domestic budget cuts among other issues. Overall, Reagan was on the lower end of ultra-conservative by the standards of my scale. He would still very much fit in the GOP despite his backing of the Brady Bill in retirement. There are other Republican politicians who managed to do well for themselves after the start of the Tea Party despite their past support of the Brady Bill including Sen. Dan Coats of Indiana and Rep. Jim Sensenbrenner of Wisconsin.

Since I have referred to the MC-Index before, I will show my work in this case. These are the roll calls I used to base my scoring, with yea or nay indicating the conservative position on the vote. I used the Voteview program to produce these ratings and bear in mind, President Reagan did not take a position on all of them.

1981-82 House

Yea 30   253-176 CONG. BUDGET

Yea 32   272-126 RED. CONTRIB. INTL. DEVELOP. ASSN.

Yea 33   231-166 RED. COMMITTMENT TO EXPORT-IMPORT BANK

Yea 62   265-122 PROHIBIT FUNDS FOR REQUIRING BUSING

Nay 83   245-137 $241M ANNUALLY LEGAL SERV. CORP.

Nay 93   323-86  AUTH. FUNDS CORP. OF PUBLIC BROAD.

Nay 95   209-217 BUDGET RECONCILIATION

Nay 108  201-207 CONG. HAS 60 DAYS TO APPROVE MX MISSILE BASING MOD

Yea 135  177-184 REQUIRE STATES TO INSPECT VEHICLE EMISSIONS

Yea 160  279-141 RED. $5M BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO AND FIREARMS

Yea 166  238-195 KEMP-ROTH TAX CUT

Yea 171  253-167 NO FUNDS FOR ABORTIONS

Yea 172  337-83  TAX EXEMPT STATUS PRIVATE/RELIGIOUS SCHOOLS

Yea 181  333-54  NO FUNDS OBSTRUCT SCHOOL PRAYER

Yea 205  226-181 FED. CRIME TO EXPOSE U.S. INTELLIGENCE OPERATIONS

Yea 234  168-249 APPS. LABOR, HEW, EDUC.

Nay 243  301-111 DISAPPROVE SAUDI AWACS SALE

Yea 260  147-251 REQ. FOOD STAMP RECIPIENTS PAY PORTION OF THEIR ST

Yea 285  189-201 RED. APPS. 5% EXCEPT FOR DEF., SOCIAL SEC., FOOD S

Nay 299  142-263 $1.8B B-1 BOMBER

Yea 330  222-194 CONTINUING APPS.

Nay 336  281-114 RED. APPS. FOR INTL. DEVELOP. ASSN.

Nay 344  244-136 AUTH. PRES. CONTROL OIL SUPPLIES AND PRICES

Nay 366  246-144 AUTH. PRES. ALLOCATE FUEL SUPPLIES DURING SHORTAGE

Nay 401  282-132 FUNDS FOR HOUSE COMMS.

Yea 423  186-220 OSHA REG. MINING OF STONE, CLAY, GRAVEL, PHOSPHATE

Nay 480  291-102 CONSERVATION INDIAN LAND RESOURCES

Nay 518  253-151 SUPPLEMENTAL APPS.

Nay 523  242-169 SUPPLEMENTAL APPS.

Nay 549  142-257 AUTH. PROCUREMENT B-1 BOMBER

Yea 564  303-95  MUST REGISTER FOR DRAFT TO RECV EDUC. ASST.

Nay 568  163-240 RED. CIVIL DEF. BY $108M

Nay 578  268-128 RED. FUNDING CERT. CIVIL SERVICE PROGRAMS

Yea 590  204-202 MUTUAL AND VERIFIABLE FREEZE ON NUCLEAR WEAPONS

Yea 597  181-210 FOOD STAMP APPLICANTS MUST BE SEEKING WORK

Nay 642  226-207 MISC. TAX LAW CHANGES

Nay 652  301-117 SUPPLEMENTAL APPS.

Yea 666  200-184 NO EPA FUNDS MANDATORY INSP. PROG. VEHICLE EMISSIO

Nay 672  223-169 PUBLIC SERVICE JOBS

Yea 698  162-189 STRIKE DAVIS-BACON PROVISIONS DEF. PROD. ACT BILL

Yea 711  260-140 RESTRICT FETAL AND INFANT RESEARCH NIH

Yea 716  236-187 BALANCED BUDGET CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT

Nay 751  245-176 $988M MX MISSILE

Yea 755  243-153 NO FUNDS FOR BUSING

Nay 788  215-188 EST. DOMESTIC CONTENT REQUIREMENTS MOTOR VEHICLES

Nay 812  180-87  INC. GAS TAX FOR HIGHWAY CONSTR.

1981-82 Senate

Nay 27   24-68   EXTEND ANTI-TRUST OIL EXEMPTION FOR PRICE CONTROLS

Nay 56   40-59   RESTORE FUNDS FOR ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION, ETC

Nay 76   46-52   RESTORE FUNDS FOR VOCATIONAL EDUC

Nay 87   58-32   AUTHORIZE US CONTRIB 2 INT’L DEVEL ASSOC AND AFR DEV BANK

Yea 91   24-72   DELETE FUNDS FOR LEGAL SERVICES CORP

Yea 121  49-48   TABLE CHANGES IN SOC SEC BENEFITS STRUCTURE

Yea 132  52-43   TABLE USE OF FED FUNDS FOR ABORTIONS

Nay 133  50-45   ADD’L FUNDS FOR CHILD NUTR PROGRAM AND FOOD STAMPS

Yea 140  33-66   REINSTATE PURCHASE REQ FOR FOOD STAMPS

Yea 184  38-48   INVOKE CLOTURE ON DEPT OF JUSTICE AUTHORIZATION

Yea 191  57-40   PREVENT INFLATION FROM CAUSING TAX INCREASES

Nay 212  42-57   PROVIDE 1 YEAR TARGETED RATE SCHEDULES

Yea 278  47-51   US MILITARY AID USED TO BRING ABOUT DEMOCRACY

Yea 299  66-29   SUSTAIN BAN ON MIL AID TO ANGOLA

Nay 324  30-57   TABLE REPEAL OF BAN ON MIL AID TO CHILE

Yea 336  35-61   REDUCE FUNDING FOR DEPT OF INTERIOR

Nay 338  48-52   DISAPPROVE OF SALE OF AWACS TO SAUDI ARABIA

Yea 344  32-51   REDUCE BUDGET AUTHORITY FOR AGRIC BY 2.6%

Yea 351  39-52   REDUCE DEPT OF TRANSPORT APPROP BY 4.1%

Nay 357  55-42   STRIKE PORTION OF MIL CONST RE: DAVIS-BACON

Nay 448  28-66   DELETE FUNDS FOR B-1B BOMBER

Nay 445  35-60   DELETE FUNDING FOR INTERIM DEPLOYMENT OF MX

Yea 499  58-38   AMEND ON DEPT OF JUSTICE NO INVOLVEMENT IN BUSING

Yea 550  55-39   PENALTY FOR DISCLOSURE OF FOREIGN AGENT

Nay 560  58-36   OVERRIDE PREZ ON OIL ALLOCATION IN SHORTAGE

Nay 604  40-54   ELIM AUTHORIZATION FOR TITAN II MISSILES

Nay 612  48-45   SEC OF DEF USE JOBLESS AWARD CONTRACT 1.5% DIFFERENTIAL

Yea 622  53-44   TABLE REDUCE DEFENSE BUDGET OUTLAY BY $7.4 BILLION

Nay 629  32-68   ELIM TAX CUT TO BALANCE BUDGET

Yea 637  52-42   TABLE ADD’L $ FOR UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS

Yea 649  61-30   TABLE REDUCED DEFENSE AND INCREASED SOCIAL PROGRAMS

Yea 740  64-32   ALLOW INDEXING OF ASSET VALUE RE: CAP GAINS TAX

Yea 785  69-31   PASS CONSTITUTIONAL AMEND ALTERING FEDERAL PROCEDURE

Yea 803  68-28   AMEND VAR 812

Yea 812  17-82   ELIMINATE SOME PROVISIONS OF ACT

Nay 834  52-47   AGREE TO CONF RPT MISCELLANEOUS CHANGES IN TAX LAW

Nay 838  60-30   OVERRIDE PREZ VETO OF SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPS

Nay 841  47-46   TABLE ABORTION BAN

Nay 845  47-53   TABLE COURTS HEARING SCHOOL PRAYER CASES

Nay 865  61-37   FEC CAN WRITE REGS ON USES OF UNION DUES

Yea 864  50-48   RECONSIDER VAR 873

Nay 868  52-44   TABLE CHANGING DAVIS-BACON ACT

Yea 867  50-46   TABLE LIMIT FUNDS FOR MX MISSILE

Yea 869  60-37   TABLE 5% PAYMENT TO DEPT OF LABOR FOR COMPENSATION

Nay 966  54-33   AGREE TO CONF REPORT ON HR 6211

Nay 165  35-63   REVISE CERTAIN DEPT OF ENERGY AUTHORIZATIONS

1983-84 House

Nay 43   243-102 SOCIAL SECURITY REFORM PACKAGE

Nay 42   229-196 CONG. BUDGET

Nay 98   216-196 EMERG. MORTGAGE ASST. AND AID TO HOMELESS

Yea 170  226-182 NO FUNDS FOR ABORTIONS

Nay 185  164-255 DELETE FUNDING B-1 BOMBER

Yea 198  191-223 RED. DEPT. OF TRANSPORTATION 4%

Nay 207  229-191 LIMIT MAX. RED. IN INDIV. INCOME TAX FROM 3RD OF R

Yea 211  211-209 RED. DEPT. OF INT. 4%

Nay 235  263-158 HOUSING PROGRAM

Nay 248  207-220 MX MISSILE

Yea 266  203-223 PROHIBIT U.S. SUPPORT PARAMILITARY OPERATIONS NICA

Nay 289  338-90  MAKE B-DAY MARTIN LUTHER KING JR. PUBLIC HOLIDAY

Nay 300  252-174 HEALTH CARE BENEFITS FOR UNEMPLOYED

Yea 301  242-185 OPPOSE IMF LOANS TO COMMUNIST COUNTRIES

Nay 304  217-211 U.S. PART. INTL. DEVELOP. BANKS

Nay 307  286-128 HOW PRES. CAN REMOVE PRSN. FROM CIVIL RIGHTS COMMI

Nay 335  302-111 INC. FUNDING CERT. EDUC. PROGRAMS

Nay 83   278-149 MUTUAL AND VERIFIABLE FREEZE ON NUCLEAR WEAPONS

Nay 55   221-195 MUTUAL AND VERIFIABLE FREEZE ON NUCLEAR WEAPONS

Nay 377  227-194 COVERT AID TO NICARAGUAN CONTRAS

Yea 397  188-223 REGULATE LOW TECH. EXPORTS NON-COMMUNIST COUNTRIES

Nay 469  278-147 PROPOSE EQUAL RIGHTS AMENDMENT

Nay 417  219-199 DOMESTIC CONTENT REQUIREMENTS CERT. MOTOR VEHICLES

Nay 329  208-210 SP. UNEMPLOYMENT AID CERT. PRSNS. HIGH UNEMPLOYMEN

Nay 39   329-86  EMERG. SUPPLEMENTAL APPS.

Nay 559  318-97  TAX REFORM TO RAISE $50B IN REVENUE

Yea 617  270-151 NO DISC. SCHOOLS WHICH PERMIT VOL. RELIGIOUS MEETI

Nay 640  238-181 ANTI-SATELLITE WEAPONS

Yea 649  267-154 $61.75M ASST. TO NEW EL SALVADOR GOVT.

Nay 650  241-177 WIND DOWN COVERT OPERATIONS IN NICARAGUA

Nay 670  104-291 PERSHING II MISSILES IN EUROPE

Nay 689  290-102 EXTEND CERT. PUBLIC HEALTH PROGRAMS

Nay 731  375-58  CLARIFY VARIOUS DISC. LAWS

Nay 733  268-155 TAX REFORM

Nay 735  156-261 NO FUNDS FOR ABORTIONS

Yea 775  194-215 SCHOOL PRAYER

Yea 781  128-231 UNFAIR IMPORT COMPETITION

Yea 785  182-226 RED. LABOR AND HHS FUNDING $147.5M

Nay 791  282-131 $4500 LIMIT CAR VALUE FOOD STAMP ELIGIBILITY

Nay 794  294-118 AUTH. APPS. INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES

Yea 798  212-181 RED. INTERIOR DEPT. APPS 3%

Yea 820  142-205 WHEN TO TERM. TAX PROVISIONS SUPERFUND

Nay 854  242-162 CONTRACTING OUT ADMIN. OF 30 JOB CORPS CENTERS

Nay 874  285-134 RESTRICT IMPORTS CARBON AND ALLOY STEEL INTO U.S.

Nay 876  174-233 DUTY FREE TREATMENT TAIWAN, HONG KONG, SOUTH KOREA

Yea 882  167-234 FUNDING FOR CORP. FOR PUBLIC BROADCASTING

Yea 858  243-166 CONTINUING APPS.

Yea 786  144-276 RED. DISCRETIONARY FUNDS 5.9% LABOR AND HHS FUNDING

Nay 802  278-138 $305M LEGAL SERVICES CORP.

Yea 581  136-270 PERM. AUTH. APPS. CHILD NUTRITION AND SCHOOL LUNCH A

1983-84 Senate

Yea 41   27-67   ELIMINATE PAYROLL TAX INCREASES

Nay 54   58-14   AGREE TO CONF REPORT ON HR 1900

Nay 44   82-15   TABLE APPROP FOR NEGLECTED NEEDS

Yea 67   23-75   FREEZE SOCIAL SPENDING INCREASE DEFENSE $285 B

Nay 170  45-55   LIMIT MAXIMUM REDUCTION IN TAXES

Yea 169  49-50   OVERTURN ROE V. WADE

Yea 186  56-41   TABLE ADJUST B1-B PROCUREMENT PROGRAM

Yea 199  47-40   TBL SENSE OF SEN PREZ AND SOV PREZ DISCUSS SUBS MISSILES

Nay 239  60-36   TABLE PREZ EMPHASIZE SOV VIOLATION OF MONROE DOCTRINE

Yea 256  66-23   CONDITIONALLY RESTRICT PAYMENTS TO U.N.

Nay 258  45-30   TABLE IMF FUNDING FOR COMMUNIST DICTATORSHIP

Nay 244  63-33   SET UP COMMISSION TO LOOK AT INTERIOR COAL LEASING

Yea 316  42-55   NO TAX INCREASES W/O SPENDING CUTS

Yea 317  58-40   TABLE MUTUAL AND VERIFIABLE REDUCE OF NUKE WEAPONS

Nay 293  78-22   PASS ML KING B-DAY AS NAT’L HOLIDAY

Nay 327  37-56   DELETE FUNDS FOR MX MISSILE

Yea 254  26-68   PROVIDE FUNDS FOR RADIO TRANSMITTER SITES

Nay 364  67-30   AUTHORIZE NEW FEDERAL ASST FOR LOW INCOME HOUSING

Nay 357  49-46   TABLE MONTHLY/QUARTERLY DEBT LIMITS

Nay 325  50-29   TABLE END COMPLIANCE WITH SALT II TREATY

Nay 355  59-38   TABLE REFUNDABLE TAX CREDIT FOR TUITION

Nay 72   36-63   ADDITIONAL $ FOR HEALTH CARE FOR UNEMPLOYED

Yea 75   46-48   INCREASED FUNDING EDUCATION, TRAINING ETC

Yea 161  55-39   TABLE MORTGAGE RELIEF FOR UNEMPLOYED HOMEOWNERS

Yea 106  45-55   REDUCE MOST PROGS 5%, DEFENSE .5%

Yea 383  63-24   ALLOWING SEARCH AND SEIZURE EVIDENCE MORE READILY

Yea 385  63-32   PASS PERMISSION FOR DEATH PENALTY

Yea 405  56-44   CONST AMEND FOR SCHOOL PRAYER

Yea 432  57-38   TABLE DELAYED TAX INDEXING TIL 1988

Yea 449  27-68   PROVIDE 10% REDUCTION IN BUDGET AUTHORITY

Nay 479  65-32   BAN LABOR UNION FROM SUPPORTING PAC’S

Nay 492  61-28   BAN ON FUNDS 4 ANTI-SATELLITE TEST W/O PREZ CONFIRMATION

Yea 503  48-48   TABLE DEPLOYMENT OF MX MISSILE

Yea 511  63-31   TABLE LIMIT US TROOPS IN EL SALVADOR / NICARAGUA

Nay 551  78-22   AGREE TO PROVIDE FUNDS FOR LEGAL SERVICES CORP

Nay 587  29-69   DELETE MIL FUNDS FOR EL SALVADOR

Nay 586  37-62   REDUCE LEVEL OF FOREIGN AID

Nay 590  23-69   RULE ON GERMANENESS OF AMEND RE: TAIWAN

Nay 639  46-54   REDUCE FUNDING FOR MIL ASST PROG

Nay 642  45-53   TABLE BAN USE OF FUNDS FOR TERRORISM IN NICARGUA

Yea 645  54-44   TABLE ALLOWING ABORTION FUNDS FOR INCEST AND RAPE

Yea 654  55-42   TABLE MUTUAL/VERIFIABLE FREEZE IN NUKES

Yea 457  45-46   TABLE POINT OF ORDER ON PREZ VETO

Yea 533  51-42   TABLE USE OF SCHOOLS FOR DAY CARE CENTERS

Yea 517  34-65   TABLE SENSE OF SEN ON LIMITING NUKE TESTING THRU TREATY

Nay 433  39-57   ADDITIONAL $ FOR HEALTH CARE FOR UNEMPLOYED

Yea 441  62-30   TABLE MODIFIED MIN CORPORATE INCOME TAX

Nay 624  51-48   RULE ON GERMANENESS OF CIVIL RIGHTS AMEND

Nay 635  38-59   RULE ON GERMANENESS OF SUPERFUND AMEND

Nay 648  47-50   TABLE NOISE EXEMPTIONS FOR FLA. AND ME. AIRPORTS

1985-86 House

Yea 34   219-213 FUNDING FOR MX MISSILES

Yea 58   180-248 FUNDS FOR MIL. OPERATIONS IN NICARAGUA

Yea 142  248-184 HUMANITARIAN AID NICARAGUAN CONTRAS

Yea 156  229-196 BINARY CHEMICAL WEAPONS

Yea 161  104-315 INC. SDI AUTH $490M

Nay 178  229-193 PROHIBIT ANTI-SATELLITE WEAPONS TESTS

Yea 199  236-185 AID ANGOLAN RESISTANCE

Nay 226  340-83  $21B FOR SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANTS

Yea 233  213-204 RED. NO. NEW PUBLIC HOUSING UNITS FROM 10,000 TO 5

Yea 247  221-199 NO FUNDS FOR ABORTIONS IN D.C.

Yea 301  251-174 FARMER REFERENDA ON CORN AND WHEAT LIMITS

Yea 307  183-227 FOOD STAMP RECIPIENTS MUST RECIEVE JOB TRAINING

Nay 318  259-162 DO FED. PAY DIFF. RESULT FROM SEX/RACE DISC.

Yea 334  209-219 BUDGET RECONCILIATION–ELIMINATE HOUSING, COASTAL

Nay 383  203-208 90 DAYS NOTICE PLANT CLOSING OR 30% LAYOFFS

Nay 386  255-161 RESTRICT TEXTILE IMPORTS

Yea 390  127-289 APPS. HIGHER EDUC. ASST.

Yea 415  271-154 INC. DEBT CEILING TO $2.079T

Nay 120  258-170 CONG. BUDGET

Yea 508  292-130 AMEND 1968 GUN CONTROL ACT (ADOPT)

Nay 519  229-173 NATL LABOR RELS–INCR COLLECT BARGAIN IN BLDG IND

Yea 532  140-267 FREEZE COMMUNITY SERVICES BLOCK GRANT AUTH AT 1986

Yea 573  223-180 RESTRICT PUB HOUSING FUNDS TO COMPLETE EXISTING UN

Yea 617  221-209 ASST TO CONTRAS AND ECON ASST TO COSTA RICA, EL SALV

Yea 644  103-278 STRIKE LEGAL SERVICES CORP APPS

Yea 688  164-253 LABOR, HEALTH AND HUMAN SERV &&EDUC. DEPT APPS–LIMI

Nay 704  276-149 MULTI-FIBER ARRANGEMENT; ECON TEXTILE RECOVERY (OV

Yea 712  198-218 STATES MAX SPEED LIMIT OF 65 MPH ON RURAL INTERST

Nay 727  178-210 PROHIB APPS TEST MX MISSILES; STRIKE MX MISSILE PR

Nay 739  239-176 REDUCE DEFENSE AND ENERGY DEPTS SDI FUNDING

Nay 741  225-186 PROHIB DEPLOY NUCLEAR WEAPON VIOLATE SALT II–SOVI

Nay 748  222-197 PROHIB ANTI-SATELLITE SPACE TESTS IF SOVIETS DO SA

Nay 750  210-209 PROHIB PROCUREMENT BINARY NERVE GAS WEAPONS

Nay 762  259-135 INCR SET-ASIDE APPS FOR MINORITY BUSINESS DEFENSE

Yea 783  296-112 PERMIT DEATH PENALTY–CONT. CRIMINAL ENTERPRISE DR

Yea 782  259-153 PERMIT INTRO CERT. EVIDENCE FROM DRUG SEARCH/SEIZU

Yea 795  229-186 INTELLIGENCE ACTIV. APPS–ELIM MIL APPS TO ANGOLA

Nay 829  313-83  IMPOSE ECONOMIC SANCTIONS AGAINST S AFRICA (OVERRI

Yea 858  192-199 IMMIGRATION–STRIKE LEGALIZATION PROGRAM

Nay 407  162-261 VICTIMS OF RELEASE OF TOXIC SUBSTANCES CAN SUE

1985-86 Senate

Yea 20   55-45   FURTHER APPROVAL FOR $1.5B FOR MX MISSILES

Yea 31   53-46   APPROVE $ FOR MIL OR PARAMIL OPERATIONS IN NICARAGUA

Yea 65   25-72   REDUCE OUTLAYS FOR FED MASS TRANSIT ASSISTANCE

Yea 72   49-49   SET SUBSTITUTE BUDGET LEVELS FOR 1986

Nay 90   46-50   PROMOTE INT’L BAN ON LETHAL BINARY CHEM WEAPON

Nay 95   35-50   MORATORIUM ON TESTING OF SPACE BASED WEAPONS

Nay 100  38-57   REDUCE SDI FUNDS

Yea 112  55-42   AUTHORIZE PREZ $24M FOR HUMANITARIAN ASST IN NICARAGUA

Yea 119  63-34   REPEAL SECT 113 OF INT’L SECURITY AND DEVEL ACT OF 1980

Nay 58   47-50   RESTORE FUNDING FOR CERTAIN EDUCATIONAL PROGS

Yea 142  79-15   PASS REVISED GUN CONTROL ACT OF 1968

Yea 158  58-40   INVOKE CLOTURE ON LINE ITEM VETO

Nay 172  62-36   TABLE PROHIBIT FED COURTS FROM RULE ON SCHOOL PRAYER

Nay 291  54-41   TABLE PROHIBIT USE DC$ 4 ABORTION EXCPT LIFE THREATENED

Nay 295  60-37   REMV PROVIS REQ FED ASST 4 ENRGY INCME AS FOODSTAMPS

Yea 367  39-58   OFFER JUDGMENT OF GERMANENESS ON ANTI-COM IN ANGOLA

Yea 371  61-31   RAISE DEBT LIMIT TEMPORARILY TO $2.079 TRILLION

Yea 193  49-45   STRIKE DEMO PROGRAM FOR VICTIM MEDICAL ASSISTANCE

Yea 69   62-35   RESTORE FUNDS FOR SUMMER YOUTH EMPLOYMENT

Yea 74   54-44   TABLE RESTORE FUNDS FOR MEDICAID

Yea 426  66-34   PASS BALANCED BUDGET CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT

Yea 473  63-34   TABLE STINGER MISSILES TO ANGOLA AND AFGHANISTAN

Nay 489  45-50   TABLE REQ FED COURT PROHIBIT SCHOOL BUSING

Yea 518  71-29   TABLE CREATION OF THIRD TAX BRACKET

Nay 543  49-49   RECONSIDER MANION NOMINATION VOTE 543

Nay 555  41-53   TABLE VOIDING BAN ON D.C. INSURANCE DISCRIMINATION

Nay 558  49-50   REDUCE SDI TO $3.56 BILLION

Nay 565  50-50   AMEND ACT FOR PROCUREMENT OF BIGEYE CHEM BOMB

Yea 573  55-43   BAN ON TEST IN SPACE UNLESS SOVIETS DO IT

Nay 579  64-30   TABLE PREVENT FUNDING SMALL MOBILE ICBM

Yea 611  59-41   ADOPT MIL CONSTRUCTION APPROP

Nay 644  48-42   LIMIT DC FUNDS FOR ABORTIONS

Yea 647  65-33   CONFIRM WILLIAM REHNQUIST   CHIEF JUSTICE SUPREME CT

Yea 663  56-36   ADOPT 65 MPH SPEED LIMIT ON RURAL HIGHWAYS

Yea 664  49-46   INCREASE MIN FOR APPL OF DAVIS BACON ACT

Nay 681  25-60   TABLE DEATH PENALTY FOR CERTAIN DRUG OFFENSES

Nay 692  78-21   OVERRIDE PRES VETO ON ANTI-EID ACT

Nay 686  49-49   WAIVE GERMANE REQ OF CONG BUDG ACT W/RESP EMPLOYEE SENR

Nay 470  70-25   PASS BUDGET RESOLUTION

Nay 641  83-12   ADOPT LABOR,HHS,ANDEDUC APPROPRIATIONS

1987-88 House

Yea 19   101-292 HOMELESS RELIEF–TEST HOMELESS SEEK HEALTH SERV FO

Nay 23   264-121 HOMELESS RELIEF–AUTHS FOR 4 YRS (PASS)

Nay 28   230-196 MORATORIUM ON CONTRA AID–REAGAN ACCT: PREVIOUS FU

Nay 37   350-73  HIGHWAY RE-AUTH THRU FISCAL 1991 (OVERRIDE VETO)

Nay 68   218-214 TRADE BILL–REGS IF COUNTRY NOT ALTER UNFAIR TRADE

Nay 83   245-181 DEFENSE AUTH–PROHIB APPS VIOLATE SALT II UNLESS S

Yea 85   159-262 DEF AUTH–STRIKE COMPLY W/ 1972 US/SOVIET ABM TREA

Yea 102  129-286 DEFENSE AUTH–INCR SDI RESEARCH APPS

Nay 127  234-187 DEF AUTH–NO NUCLEAR TEST OVER 1 KILOTON IF SOVIET

Nay 171  285-120 HOUSING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOP AUTHS FISCAL 1988 (PAS

Yea 181  162-262 CONSTRUCT LABOR LAW–NO COL. BARGAIN IF UNIONS VIO

Nay 184  227-197 CONSTRUCT LABOR LAW–INCR COL. BARGAIN STABILITY (

Yea 210  191-181 D.C. APPS–PROHIB USE FUNDS PAY FOR ABORTIONS

Yea 228  127-282 COMMERCE/JUST./STATE APPS–ELIM LEGAL SERVICE CORP

Nay 266  302-127 CATASTROPHIC HEALTH INSURANCE (PASS)

Nay 340  225-186 HIGH-RISK-OCCUPATION-DISEASE NOTIFICATION (PASS)

Yea 343  199-216 DEF AUTH–END SOVIET/US AGREE RE BUILD EMBASSIES I

Nay 414  305-112 RESTORE FED EMPLOY RIGHT TO PARTIC. IN POLIT ACTIV

Yea 422  190-229 FOREIGN AID–REDUCE CONTRIBS TO INTL PROG AND ORGÕS

Nay 372  206-205 BUDGET RECONICILIATION FISCAL 1988 (PASS)

Nay 434  259-157 CONT. APPS–RADIO/TV BROADCAST EXPRESS ALL CONTROV

Nay 465  230-194 FAMILY WELFARE REFORM–CHANGE TO FAMILY SUPPORT PR

Yea 493  211-219 CONTRA AID–APPROVE PRES REQUEST FOR MIL AND NON-MIL

Nay 527  292-133 CIVIL RIGHTS RESTORE ACT–REGS RE FUNDS TO INSTIT

Nay 534  234-180 FORMER AIR TRAFFIC CONTROLLERS REHIRING (PASS)

Nay 556  240-174 DEFENSE AUTH–ADHERE TO UNRATIFIED SALT II IF SOVI

Nay 562  197-205 DEFENSE AUTH–BAR SPACE TESTS OF ANTI-SATELLITE WE

Nay 564  214-186 DEFENSE AUTH–BAR 1 KILOTON NUCLEAR TESTS IF SOVIE

Yea 579  204-210 DEFENSE AUTH–ALTER DAVIS-BACON..EXEMPT CERT. DEF

Nay 586  223-195 DEFENSE AUTH–REDUCE SDI APPS

Yea 608  167-249 DEFENSE AUTH–REPORT RE PROTECTION SYS. RE ACCIDEN

Nay 623  383-29  HATE CRIME STATS–JUSTICE DEPT RELEASE DATA (PASS)

Nay 634  308-113 OMNIBUS TRADE BILL (OVERRIDE PRES VETO)

Yea 684  222-186 D.C APPS–BAR FUNDS PERFORM ABORTIONS

Yea 694  139-265 FAIR HOUSING–BILL NOT AUTH PREF TREATMENT BASED O

Yea 700  227-168 FAMILY WELFARE REFORM–NO IMPEDIMENT TO EMPLOY REC

Yea 704  223-186 MILITARY BASE CLOSINGS–REGÕS

Nay 710  286-136 PLANT CLOSINGS–REQ 60 DAYS NOTICE (PASS)

Nay 766  244-132 SOUTH AFRICA SANCTIONS–PREV ALMOST ALL US TRADE (

Yea 776  299-111 OMNIBUS DRUG BILL–DEATH PENALTY: DRUG-RELATED MUR

Yea 779  259-134 DRUG BILL–EXCEPTION RE EXCLUSIONARY RULE IN RE DR

Yea 797  228-182 DRUG BILL–DEVELOP ID SYSTEM RE PEOPLE INELIGIBLE

Yea 812  70-327  AIDS POLICY–STATE PUB HEALTH OFF COLLECT PEOPLE W

Nay 846  302-98  EQUITABLE PAY–COMM STUDY JOB SYS. ADHERE DISCRIM

Nay 849  134-201 D.C. APPS–ALLOW RELIG ASSOC W/HOLD MONEY FROM ORG

Yea 287  132-287 LABOR, HHS AND ED APPS–REDUCE LABOR DISCR. FUND INC

1987-88 Senate

Nay 31   48-52   DISAPPROVE MORE ASSISTANCE TO NICARAGUAN CONTRAS

Nay 60   67-33   OVERRIDE PRESIDENTIAL VETO OF FED HIWAY ACT OF 1987

Nay 75   59-31   BROADCASTERS ALLOW BOTH SIDES OF CONFLICTING ISSUES

Nay 122  63-32   TABLE REQUIRING MARRIAGE LIC APPLIC BE AIDS TESTED

Nay 167  65-8    ADOPT CONF REPORT ON URGENT RELIEF FOR HOMELESS

Yea 180  40-60   REMOVE 60 DAYS ADVANCE NOTICE LAYOFF PROVISION

Yea 220  41-48   ALLOW PREZ VETO OF INDIVIDUAL SECTS IN APPROPRIATIONS

Nay 248  58-38   TABLE REMOVING RESTRICTION ON ABM TESTING

Nay 254  61-31   TABLE MILITARY AID FOR NICARAGUAN CONTRAS CONDITIONALLY

Yea 259  50-50   TABLE REDUCING SDI AUTHRZATION TO $3.7B

Yea 260  51-47   TABLE BAN ON SPACE TESTING OF ABM

Yea 265  70-27   CANCEL AGREEM’T W/SOVIET ON EMBASSY IN D.C.

Yea 267  61-36   TABLE PROHIBIT NUCLEAR TEST > 1 KILOTON

Nay 271  62-28   NO INF AGREEMENT UNLESS COMPLETELY VERIFIABLE

Nay 284  56-41   TABLE EXEMPT MIL CONTRCT <$250K FROM DAVIS BACON ACT

Nay 289  60-39   TBL BAN OF FED OR DC $ FOR ABORTIONS UNLESS MOM ENDANGER

Nay 299  57-41   PROHIBIT DEPLOYMENT OF CERTAIN STRATEGIC NUKE WEAPONS

Yea 348  42-58   CONFIRM ROBERT BORK       ASSOC JUSTICE OF SUPREME CT

Yea 351  18-77   PROVIDE CATASTROPHIC BENEFITS VOLUNTARILY

Yea 399  47-42   TBL PROHIBIT OF MANUF,SALE, POSSESS OF PLASTIC HANDGUNS

Nay 404  72-24   TABLE FREEZE SELECT BUDGET AUTHORITY AT 1987 LEVELS

Nay 410  70-28   LIMIT FUNDING FOR LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION

Nay 450  53-41   INVOKE CLOTURE ON SENATE CAMPAIGN FINANCE BILL

Nay 499  42-52   HIGH RISK OCCUPATIONS AND TOXIC SUBSTANCES

Yea 438  51-48   CONTRA AID

Yea 549  51-45   SDI AND SALT II LIMITS

Yea 550  57-39   SDI AND UNDERGROUND NUCLEAR TESTING

Yea 553  61-36   REDUCE AMT FOR MX MISSILE

Nay 556  56-37   SDI AND ACCIDENTAL LAUNCH OF MISSILES

Nay 581  66-30   INF TREATY — WITHDRAW IF SOVIET VIOLATES

Nay 586  93-5    PASS INF TREATY

Nay 589  61-37   OMNIBUS TRADE BILL

Yea 595  65-29   DEATH PENALTY DRUG MURDERS

Nay 608  41-54   WORK REQUIREMENTS FOR WELFARE

Nay 622  59-31   PLANT CLOSINGS–REQ ADVANCE NOTICE, CERT EXEMPTIONS

Nay 645  72-23   PASS PLANT CLOSINGS

Yea 656  58-33   D.C. APPS — HOMOSEXUALS

Yea 680  28-66   TRANSFER $58.5M FROM LEGAL SERVICES TO DEA

Nay 687  47-46   HHS APPS — AIDS EDUC AND HOMOSEXUAL ACTIVITIES

Nay 716  50-44   DEFENSE APPS — INC SDI APPS

Nay 756  56-35   MINIMUM WAGE

Yea 768  45-44   D.C. APPS–BAN FUND ABORTION UNLESS MOTHER LIFE IN DANGER

Nay 775  50-46   FAMILY AND MEDICAL LEAVE

Nay 789  35-52   DEATH PENALTY DRUG MURDERS — RACIALLY DISPROPORTIONATE

Nay 487  73-24   CIVIL RIGHTS RESTORATION (OVERRIDE VETO)

Nay 49   71-27   ADOPT HOUSING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT ACT

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s