How They Voted: Women’s Suffrage

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cd/Suffragists_Parade_Down_Fifth_Avenue%2C_1917.JPGSuffragette march in New York City, 1917.

 

August 26th was the 99th anniversary for women’s suffrage but this year constitutes the 100th anniversary Congress voted to ratify. By 1919, much of the country was in support of suffrage with a majority of holdouts being from the South. In addition to the affinity of its politicians for state’s rights on the question of civil rights they also feared that the approval of the 19th Amendment would further legitimize the 15th Amendment, as black women would be granted the vote. Indeed, Southern Democrats attempted to amend the 19th Amendment to apply it to white women only. Below is the vote breakdown, with the House passing it May 21st 304-89 (R 200-19, D 102-70), with one Prohibitionist and Union Labor member voting for as well. The Senate followed suit on June 1st 56-25 (R 36-8, D 20-17). Accompanied with these of course are my ideological scores from the Congress it was passed in.

MCI MCI
ALABAMA NEW HAMPSHIRE
1 McDuffie D N 20 1 Burroughs R Y 95
2 Dent D N 0 2 Wason R Y 95
3 Steagall D N 0 NEW JERSEY
4 Blackmon D N 0 1 Browning R N 100
5 Heflin D N 9 2 Bacharach R Y 88
6 Oliver D Y 5 3 Scully D 50
7 Vacancy 4 Hutchinson R Y 94
8 Almon D N 0 5 Ackerman R Y 95
9 Huddleston D ? 5 6 Ramsey R X 80
10 Bankhead D N 10 7 Radcliffe R ? 95
ARIZONA 8 McGlennon D Y 24
AL Hayden D Y 13 9 Minahan D Y 41
ARKANSAS 10 Lehlbach R Y 88
1 Caraway D ? 0 11 Eagan D Y 28
2 Oldfield D Y 0 12 Hamill D ? 0
3 Tillman D Y 0 NEW MEXICO
4 Wingo D Y 0 AL Hernandez R Y 83
5 Jacoway D Y 0 NEW YORK
6 Taylor D Y 6 1 Hicks R Y 100
7 Goodwin D Y 0 2 Caldwell D ? 14
CALIFORNIA 3 MacCrate R Y 92
1 Lea D Y 30 4 Cullen D Y 40
2 Raker D Y 18 5 Johnston D Y 31
3 Curry R Y 71 6 Rowe R Y 100
4 Kahn R ? 93 7 Maher D Y 27
5 Nolan R Y 53 8 Cleary D Y 33
6 Elston R Y 87 9 O’Connell D Y 20
7 Barbour R Y 65 10 Haskell R Y 50
8 Hersman D Y 41 11 Riordan D N 25
9 Randall P Y 17 12 Goldfogle D Y 36
10 Osborne R Y 83 13 Sullivan D 58
11 Kettner D Y 100 14 La Guardia R Y 33
COLORADO 15 Dooling D ? 31
1 Vaile R Y 80 16 Smith D Y 36
2 Timberlake R Y 86 17 Pell D Y 75
3 Hardy R Y 77 18 Carew R Y 38
4 Taylor D Y 25 19 Rowan R Y 20
CONNECTICUT 20 Siegel R Y 83
1 Lonergan D Y 56 21 Donovan D Y 29
2 Freeman R Y 100 22 Griffin D Y 27
3 Tilson R N 100 23 McKiniry D Y 20
4 Merritt R Y 100 24 Ganly D Y 20
5 Glynn R ? 89 25 Husted R Y 94
DELAWARE 26 Platt R Y 100
AL Layton R Y 84 27 Ward R Y 78
FLORIDA 28 Sanford R Y 93
1 Drane D Y 13 29 Parker R Y 94
2 Clark D N 29 30 Crowther R Y 86
3 Smithwick D Y 0 31 Snell R 100
AL Sears D Y 0 32 Mott R Y 85
GEORGIA 33 Snyder R Y 100
1 Overstreet D N 15 34 Hill R Y 100
2 Park D N 19 35 Magee R Y 91
3 Crisp D N 32 36 Gould R ? 100
4 Wright D N 26 37 Houghton R Y 89
5 Upshaw D Y 17 38 Dunn R N 94
6 Wise D N 15 39 Sanders R N 73
7 Lee D ? 11 40 Dempsey R Y 100
8 Brand D N 14 41 MacGregor R Y 94
9 Bell D N 21 42 Mead D Y 19
10 Vinson D N 5 43 Reed R Y 93
11 Lankford D N 6 NORTH CAROLINA
12 Larsen D ? 7 1 Small D N 36
IDAHO 2 Kitchin D N 27
1 French R Y 68 3 Brinson D N 6
2 Smith R ? 64 4 Pou D N 26
ILLINOIS 5 Stedman D N 0
1 Madden R Y 95 6 Godwin D Y 20
2 Mann R Y 73 7 Robinson D N 12
3 Wilson R Y 82 8 Doughton D N 0
4 Rainey D Y 11 9 Webb D N 0
5 Sabath D Y 23 10 Weaver D Y 0
6 McAndrews D Y 26 NORTH DAKOTA
7 Juul R Y 79 1 Baer R Y 44
8 Gallagher D Y 27 2 Young R Y 63
9 Britten R Y 90 3 Sinclair R Y 29
10 Foss R Y 95 OHIO
11 Copley R Y 93 1 Longworth R Y 76
12 Fuller R Y 69 2 Stephens R N 65
13 McKenzie R Y 89 3 Gard D N 10
14 Graham R Y 86 4 Welty D Y 5
15 King R Y 52 5 Thompson R Y 63
16 Ireland R 86 6 Kearns R Y 81
17 Smith R Y 92 7 Fess R Y 100
18 Cannon R Y 100 8 Cole R Y 88
19 McKinley R Y 65 9 Sherwood D Y 38
20 Rainey D Y 6 10 Foster R Y 82
21 Wheeler R Y 78 11 Ricketts R Y 70
22 Rodenberg R Y 71 12 Brumbaugh D ? 14
23 Brooks R Y 75 13 Begg R Y 80
24 Williams R Y 90 14 Davey D Y 6
25 Denison R Y 79 15 Moore R Y 83
AL Mason R Y 44 16 McCulloch R Y 91
AL Yates R Y 56 17 Ashbrook D Y 25
INDIANA 18 Murphy R Y 72
1 Luhring R Y 85 19 Cooper R Y 88
2 Bland R Y 70 20 Mooney D Y 23
3 Dunbar R Y 80 21 Babka D Y 41
4 Benham R Y 67 22 Emerson R Y 65
5 Sanders R Y 84 OKLAHOMA
6 Elliott R Y 86 1 Howard D Y 21
7 Moores R Y 82 2 Hastings D Y 6
8 Vestal R Y 70 3 Carter D Y 0
9 Purnell R Y 94 4 McKeown D Y 0
10 Wood R Y 83 5 Vacancy
11 Kraus R Y 86 6 Ferris D Y 0
12 Fairfield R Y 67 7 McClintic D Y 13
13 Hickey R Y 74 8 Morgan R Y 72
IOWA OREGON
1 Kennedy R Y 90 1 Hawley R Y 76
2 Hull R N 79 2 Sinnott R Y 81
3 Sweet R Y 67 3 MacArthur R Y 94
4 Haugen R Y 71 PENNSYLVANIA
5 Good R Y 100 1 Vare R Y 91
6 Ramseyer R Y 80 2 Graham R 100
7 Dowell R Y 68 3 Moore R N n/a
8 Towner R Y 84 4 Edmonds R ? 93
9 Green R Y 91 5 Costello R Y 86
10 Dickinson R Y 86 6 Darrow R Y 86
11 Boies R Y 69 7 Butler R Y 88
KANSAS 8 Watson R N 91
1 Anthony R Y 85 9 Griest R Y 83
2 Little R Y 71 10 McLane D Y 13
3 Campbell R Y 85 11 Casey D Y 0
4 Hoch R Y 82 12 Reber R Y 100
5 Strong R Y 77 13 Dewalt D N 38
6 White R Y 81 14 McFadden R Y 100
7 Tincher R Y 71 15 Kiess R Y 86
8 Ayres D Y 9 16 Lesher D N 20
KENTUCKY 17 Focht R N 63
1 Barkley D Y 10 18 Kreider R ? 71
2 Kincheloe D Y 10 19 Rose R Y 95
3 Thomas D Y 0 20 Brooks R N 80
4 Johnson D Y 0 21 Jones R Y 94
5 Ogden R Y 87 22 Wilson D Y 12
6 Rouse D N 5 23 Kendall R Y 69
7 Cantrill D Y 25 24 Temple R Y 91
8 Vacancy 25 Shreve R Y 88
9 Fields D Y 21 26 Steele D N 57
10 Langley R Y 69 27 Strong R Y 82
11 Robsion R Y 57 28 Hulings R Y 75
LOUISIANA 29 Porter R Y 80
1 Vacancy 30 Kelly R ? 44
2 Dupre D ? 38 31 Morin R ? 79
3 Martin D N 29 32 Campbell D Y 35
4 Watkins D N 5 AL Burke R ? 43
5 Wilson D N 5 AL Crago R ? 80
6 Sanders D N 0 AL Garland R N 87
7 Lazaro D N 14 AL Walters R Y 90
8 Aswell D Y 5 RHODE ISLAND
MAINE 1 Burdick R Y 89
1 Goodall R Y 67 2 Stiness R Y 86
2 White R Y 95 3 Kennedy R Y 100
3 Peters R Y 93 SOUTH CAROLINA
4 Hersey R Y 89 1 Whaley D N 6
MARYLAND 2 Byrnes D N 16
1 Andrews R Y 100 3 Dominick D N 19
2 Benson D N 47 4 Nicholls D N 23
3 Coady D N 62 5 Stevenson D N 5
4 Linthicum D Y 47 6 Ragsdale D N n/a
5 Mudd R N 81 7 Lever D N n/a
6 Zihlman R Y 72 SOUTH DAKOTA
MASSACHUSETTS 1 Christopherson R Y 79
1 Treadway R Y 100 2 Johnson R Y 87
2 Gillett R 3 Gandy D Y 13
3 Paige R N 100 TENNESSEE
4 Winslow R Y 100 1 Sells R Y 58
5 Rogers R Y 91 2 Taylor R Y 69
6 Lufkin R Y 78 3 Moon D N 0
7 Phelan D Y 36 4 Hull D N 0
8 Dallinger R Y 90 5 Davis D Y 13
9 Fuller R Y 85 6 Byrns D Y 9
10 Fitzgerald D Y n/a 7 Padgett D Y 18
11 Tinkham R N 94 8 Sims D Y 0
12 Gallivan D ? 53 9 Garrett D N 16
13 Luce R N 95 10 Fisher D Y 5
14 Olney D ? 82 TEXAS
15 Greene R N 71 1 Black D N 52
16 Walsh R N 100 2 Box D Y 17
MICHIGAN 3 Young D Y 13
1 Doremus D N 7 4 Rayburn D N 26
2 Michener R Y 83 5 Sumners D Y 19
3 Smith R Y 78 6 Hardy D N 0
4 Hamilton R Y 100 7 Briggs D Y 9
5 Mapes R Y 95 8 Eagle D N 25
6 Kelley R Y 85 9 Mansfield D N 19
7 Cramton R Y 72 10 Buchanan D N 26
8 Fordney R Y 77 11 Connally D ? 14
9 McLaughlin R Y 90 12 Lanham D Y 4
10 Currie R Y 100 13 Parrish D Y 39
11 Scott R Y 71 14 Bee D Y 19
12 James R ? 58 15 Garner D N 11
13 Nichols R Y 55 16 Hudspeth D Y 18
MINNESOTA 17 Blanton D Y 43
1 Anderson R Y 80 18 Jones D Y 29
2 Ellsworth R Y 50 UTAH
3 Davis R Y 47 1 Welling D Y 33
4 Keller UL ? 5 2 Mays D Y 6
5 Newton R Y 74 VERMONT
6 Knutson R Y 62 1 Greene R X 100
7 Volstead R Y 65 2 Dale R ? 79
8 Carss UL Y 5 VIRGINIA
9 Steenerson R Y 55 1 Bland D N 30
10 Schall P Y 54 2 Holland D N 55
MISSISSIPPI 3 Montague D N 45
1 Candler D N 0 4 Watson D N 20
2 Stephens D N 7 5 Saunders D N 40
3 Humphreys D N 29 6 Woods D N 33
4 Sisson D N 6 7 Harrison D N 38
5 Venable D N 10 8 Vacancy
6 Johnson D N 0 9 Slemp R Y 81
7 Quin D ? 5 10 Flood D N 16
8 Collier D N 0 WASHINGTON
MISSOURI 1 Miller R Y 71
1 Romjue D Y 0 2 Hadley R Y 74
2 Rucker D Y 0 2 Johnson R Y 90
3 Alexander D Y 0 4 Summers R Y 86
4 Booher D Y n/a 5 Webster R Y 78
5 Bland D Y 22 WEST VIRGINIA
6 Dickinson D Y 5 1 Neely D Y 38
7 Major D Y 0 2 Bowers R Y 71
8 Nelson D Y 0 3 Reed R Y 90
9 Clark D Y 10 4 Woodyard R Y 73
10 Newton R Y 65 5 Goodykoontz R Y 89
11 Igoe D Y 19 6 Echols R Y 84
12 Dyer R Y 62 WISCONSIN
13 Rhodes R Y 50 1 Randall R Y 74
14 Hays R Y 64 2 Voigt R N 36
15 McPherson R 85 3 Monahan R Y 90
16 Rubey D Y 9 4 Kleczka R Y 61
MONTANA 5 Vacancy
1 Evans D Y 16 6 Lampert R N 39
2 Riddick R Y 69 7 Esch R Y 82
NEBRASKA 8 Browne R Y 50
1 Reavis R Y 82 9 Classon R Y 47
2 Jefferis R Y 83 10 Frear R Y 59
3 Evans R Y 81 11 Nelson R Y 94
4 McLaughlin R Y 81 WYOMING
5 Andrews R Y 83 AL Mondell R Y 90
6 Kinkaid R Y 80
NEVADA
AL Evans D Y 27
MCI MCI
ALABAMA NEBRASKA
Bankhead D N 57 Norris R Y 44
Underwood D N 38 Hitchcock D N 24
ARIZONA NEVADA
Ashurst D Y 6 Henderson D Y 5
Smith D Y 31 Pittman D Y 11
ARKANSAS NEW HAMPSHIRE
Kirby D Y 6 Keyes R Y 77
Robinson D 21 Moses R N 100
CALIFORNIA NEW JERSEY
Johnson R Y 73 Edge R Y 81
Phelan D Y 20 Frelinghuysen R Y 100
COLORADO NEW MEXICO
Phipps R Y 90 Fall R Y 88
Thomas D Y 55 Jones D Y 16
CONNECTICUT NEW YORK
Brandegee R N 94 Calder R 94
McLean R N 94 Wadsworth R N 94
DELAWARE NORTH CAROLINA
Ball R 94 Overman D Y 6
Wolcott D N 21 Simmons D Y 19
FLORIDA NORTH DAKOTA
Fletcher D Y 0 Gronna R Y 65
Trammell D Y 5 McCumber R Y 56
GEORGIA OHIO
Harris D Y 0 Harding R Y 100
Smith D X 23 Pomerene D X 29
IDAHO OKLAHOMA
Borah R N 52 Gore D ? 64
Nugent D Y 0 Owen D ? 0
ILLINOIS OREGON
McCormick R Y 79 McNary R Y 42
Sherman R Y 100 Chamberlain D Y 19
INDIANA PENNSYLVANIA
New R Y 96 Knox R N 100
Watson R Y 100 Penrose R X 100
IOWA RHODE ISLAND
Cummins R Y 67 Colt R ? 78
Kenyon R Y 53 Gerry D Y 19
KANSAS SOUTH CAROLINA
Capper R Y 59 Dial D N 19
Curtis R Y 94 Smith D N 0
KENTUCKY SOUTH DAKOTA
Beckham D N 7 Sterling R Y 56
Stanley D Y 14 Johnson D 8
LOUISIANA TENNESSEE
Gay D N 14 McKellar D Y 4
Ransdell D Y 29 Shields D ? 82
MAINE TEXAS
Fernald R Y 100 Culberson D Y 0
Hale R Y 78 Sheppard D Y 5
MARYLAND UTAH
France R Y 79 King D 25
Smith D N 33 Smoot R Y 84
MASSACHUSETTS VERMONT
Lodge R N 95 Dillingham R N 100
Walsh D Y 26 Page R Y 87
MICHIGAN VIRGINIA
Newberry R Y 90 Martin D X n/a
Townsend R 67 Swanson D N 13
MINNESOTA WASHINGTON
Kellogg R Y 65 Jones R Y 79
Nelson R Y 43 Poindexter R Y 88
MISSISSIPPI WEST VIRGINIA
Harrison D N 0 Elkins R Y 94
Williams D N 30 Sutherland R Y 94
MISSOURI WISCONSIN
Spencer R Y 71 La Follette R Y 52
Reed D N 58 Lenroot R Y 45
MONTANA WYOMING
Myers D Y 21 Warren R Y 84
Walsh D Y 21 Kendrick D Y 12

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